GM 5.3L Liter V8 Vortec LMF Engine
The LMF is an engine produced by General Motors for full-size vans and pickup trucks. Displacing 5.3 liters in a V8 configuration, the engine is part of the Vortec (Generation IV Small Block) engine family, which has been replaced by the EcoTec3 engine family. Currently, the LMF is used in the Chevrolet Express and GMC Savana vans. Its direct successor is the all-new 5.3-liter V8 EcoTec3 L83.
The 5.3L V8 Vortec LMF is a technically advanced small-block V-8 engine that delivers a great balance of power, torque and efficiency. The engine is powerful, but delivers exceptional refinement to go with great strength. Quiet features built into the engine are complemented by an improved engine cradle and mounting system. These help reduce vibrations transmitted through the chassis and into the passenger compartment.
- Cylinder Block and Rotating Assembly: the engine block was developed with math-based tools and data acquired in GM’s racing programs, and provides a light, rigid foundation for an impressively smooth engine. Its deep-skirt design helps maximize strength and minimize vibration. The bulkheads accommodate six-bolt, cross-bolted main-bearing caps that limit crank flex and stiffen the engine’s structure. A structural oil pan further stiffens the powertrain. Along with the rigid block, the engine’s rotating assembly was designed for optimal strength and duration complemented by features designed to make the LMF quiet and smooth. The LMF 5.3L also features a heavy-duty timing chain developed expressly for quiet operation. The chain, which connects the camshaft and crankshaft, is validated for 200,000 miles of operation and fitted with a leaf-spring-type dampener.
- High-Flow Cylinder Heads and Valvetrain: the 5.3L’s cylinder heads feature “cathedral”-shaped intake ports that promote exceptional airflow. They support great airflow at higher rpm for a broader horsepower band, along with strong, low-rpm torque. Large, 2.000-inch intake and 1.550-inch exhaust valves are used in the 356-T6 aluminum alloy heads, but are made of specific material that supports the load and durability requirements of a truck engine. The intake ports that feed the combustion chambers, as well as the D-shaped exhaust ports, are designed for excellent high-rpm airflow.
- Camshaft phasing: the LMF features variable valve timing, maximizing engine performance for given demands and conditions. At idle, for example, the cam is at the full advanced position, allowing exceptionally smooth idling. Under other conditions, the phaser adjusts to deliver optimal valve timing for performance, drivability and fuel economy. At high rpm’s it may retard timing to maximize airflow through the engine and increase horsepower. At low rpm’s it can advance timing to increase torque. Under light loads, it can retard timing at all engine speeds to improve fuel economy.
- FlexFuel E85 Capability: E85 is a clean-burning alternative fuel made in the United States, composed of 85 percent ethanol alcohol and 15 percent gasoline. Ethanol is biodegradable and doesn’t contaminate the water supply. It can be produced from various feed stocks, including corn and wheat stalks, forestry and agricultural waste and even municipal waste.
- Advanced Electronic Throttle Control: GM has led the industry in applying electronic throttle control (ETC). With ETC, there is no mechanical link between the accelerator pedal and the throttle body. A sensor at the pedal measures pedal angle and sends a signal to the engine control module (ECM), which in turn directs an electric motor to open the throttle at the appropriate rate and angle. ETC delivers a number of benefits to the customer.
- Quiet exhaust manifolds: the exhaust manifolds were developed to improve durability and sealing and reduce operational noise. Cast nodular iron was the material of choice for its basic durability and excellent heat-management properties. The manifolds are fitted with new triple-layer heat shields fabricated from stainless steel and insulating material. The shields limit heat transfer from the engine to the engine bay, allowing the 5.3L to reach optimal operating temperature more quickly, yet reducing heat in the engine compartment once that temperature is achieved.
- 58X Ignition System: the LMF has an advanced 58X crankshaft position encoder to ensure that ignition timing is accurate throughout its operating range. The new 58X crankshaft ring and sensor provide more immediate, accurate information on the crankshaft’s position during rotation. This allows the engine control module to adjust ignition timing with greater precision, which optimizes performance and economy. Engine starting is also more consistent in all operating conditions.
|Type:||5.3L Gen IV V8 Small Block|
|Displacement:||5328cc (325 ci)|
|Valve configuration:||Overhead valves|
|Valves per cylinder:||2|
|Assembly site:||Romulus, Michigan, USA and St. Catharines, Ontario, Canada|
|Valve lifters:||Hydraulic roller|
|Firing order:||1 – 8 – 7 – 2 – 6 – 5 – 4 – 3|
|Bore x stroke:||96.01 x 92mm|
|Fuel system:||Sequential fuel injection|
|Fuel Type:||Regular unleaded and E85 Flex Fuel|
|Maximum Engine Speed:||6000 RPM|
|Positive crankcase ventilation|
|Horsepower hp (kW)|
|Chevrolet Express:||310 hp (231 kW) @ 5200 RPM SAE Certified|
|GMC Savana:||310 hp (231 kW) @ 5200 RPM SAE Certified|
|Torque: lb.-ft. (Nm)|
|Chevrolet Express:||334 lb.-ft. (453 Nm) @ 4500 RPM SAE Certified|
|GMC Savanna:||334 lb.-ft. (453 Nm) @ 4500 RPM SAE Certified|
|Cylinder head:||Cast aluminum|
|Exhaust manifold:||Cast nodular iron|
|Main bearing caps:||Powder metal|
|Crankshaft:||Cast nodular iron with undercut and rolled fillets|
|Connecting rods:||Powder metal|
|Variable Valve Timing (VVT)|
|Electronic throttle control|
|Extended life accessory drive belt|
|Extended life coolant|
|Extended life spark plugs|
|Oil Life Monitor System|