The Biden Administration is urging automakers to ensure their product portfolios consist of 40 percent electric vehicles by 2030 as part of an effort to reduce domestic carbon emissions.
According to Reuters, the Biden Administration and major automakers are currently in discussion regarding the voluntary EV target. Minute details of the goal are still being worked out, such as whether or not plug-in vehicles will count as EV sales, or if only battery-electric vehicles will be included.
While automakers appear to support the goal, the United Auto Workers union is standing in opposition to it. The union has spoken out against EV mandates in the past, saying it could put thousands of American jobs at risk, as EVs require fewer components to produce. Jobs in engine and transmission manufacturing, for example, would be cut significantly.
“The UAW is still in discussions and has not reached an agreement at this point,” UAW spokesman Brian Rothenberg told Reuters.
General Motors has said it will phase out internal combustion engine vehicles entirely by 2035, but did not provide a comment to Reuters regarding the federal EV sales mandate. The automaker also said previously that 40 percent of its global product portfolio will be EVs by 2025.
Stellantis has said in the past that it would target 40 percent EV sales by 2030, while Ford also expects 40 percent of its vehicle sales to be EVs within the same timeframe.
Several U.S. states have decided to implement their own EV mandates, including California, Massachussets and New York. In these states, sales of new internal combustion engine vehicles will be banned after 2035. Governors from these states and several others wrote a letter to the Biden Admin urging it to adopt similar measures on a federal level, but the White House has shown apprehension toward this idea.