A new study published by the American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy (ACEEE) ranks states based on how their policies are helping to foster EV adoption.
The study ranked states across six different categories with regard to pro-EV adoption policies: planning and goals, incentives for EV deployment, transportation system efficiency, electricity grid optimization, EV equity and outcomes. Unsurprisingly, California led the way in the study, achieving 91 out of a possible 100 scorecard points. California vastly outperformed the next best state for pro-EV policies, New York, which achieved a score 63.5 out of 100.
Researchers did not present scores for states that were ranked outside of the top 30, as these states “achieved no more than 15% of the total available points in the Scorecard,” according to ACEEE. A number of states “earned very few points or no points at all in several categories,” as well, a sign that policymakers in these regions are doing very little to promote the adoption of electric vehicles.
While states like California and New York are doing the most to help promote a shift to battery-electric vehicles, ACEEE researchers say that these early adopters “still have
considerable room to improve policies.” Additionally, only five states and the District of Columbia achieved at least half of the available points in the scorecard, proof that pro-EV adoption policies have a long way to go in many parts of the country.
California is “far and away,” the national leader on transportation electrification policy, the study says, as it is home to policies that are not present or not as robust in other states. Additionally, California is the only state in the country that has set a target for statewide heavy-duty EV deployment, is the only state to adopt statewide EV-supportive building codes for multi-unit dwellings, commercial buildings and single-family homes. It is also the only state with a carbon pricing policy that supports new investments in transportation and electrification.
The Biden Administration signed an executive order last month to convert the entire federal vehicle fleet into zero-emission vehicles like EVs. Additionally, General Motors recently committed to producing electric vehicles only by 2035 and will become fully carbon neutral by 2040. Moves like these will help continue to foster EV adoption rates nationwide, regardless of the policies that each state may enact separately. Still, ACEE says that states can work separately to “take advantage of untapped policy opportunities to electrify the transportation sector and support progress toward green house gas and pollution reduction.”