China is the biggest car market in the world, and GM’s Cadillac luxury arm has leveraged the huge demand for cars there to make the country its biggest global market by sales volume. Incredibly, the luxury marque’s success includes a remarkable similarity between the products it offers, as every model Cadillac China sells features the same engine.
As it just so happens, ever Cadillac model currently sold in China features the turbocharged 2.0L I4 LSY gasoline motor. Output from the LSY ranges between 230 horsepower and 237 horsepower, depending on vehicle application, with torque rated at 258 pound-feet on all models powered by the engine.
The LSY can also be found under the hood across the majority of Cadillac models sold in North America, including the XT4, XT5, XT6, CT4, and CT5. However, with the exception of the XT4, each of these models offers at least one additional, more powerful engine option in North America.
Notably, the Cadillac CT6 sedan, which was discontinued in North America after the 2020 model year, is still sold in China, featuring – you guessed it – the turbo LSY engine. The North American model offered this engine only for the 2019 model year.
That said, it appears as though Cadillac China may break the engine mold with the upcoming introduction of the all-new 2021 Cadillac Escalade. Although the Escalade was previously imported by Chinese dealers at the request of (very) wealthy customers, it now looks as though GM will begin first-party sales in China in the near future (though the model will still be imported from the U.S.).
Details on the Chinese-spec Escalade are still forthcoming, but in North America, the full-size luxury SUV is offered with two engines for the 2021 model year: the naturally aspirated 6.2L V8 L87 and the 3.0L I6 LM2 turbodiesel Duramax. It’s not clear which of these two engines will be available in the Chinese-spec Escalade, but either way, it’s pretty obvious the SUV won’t offer the turbo 2.0L LSY.
|Model||Engine(s) In USA||Engine In China|
|CT4||Turbo 2.0L LSY or Turbo 2.7L L3B||Turbo 2.0L LSY|
|CT5||Turbo 2.0L LSY or Twin-Turbo 3.0L LGY||Turbo 2.0L LSY|
|CT6||Model discontinued||Turbo 2.0L LSY|
|XT4||Turbo 2.0L LSY||Turbo 2.0L LSY|
|XT5||Turbo 2.0L LSY or 3.6L V6 LGX||Turbo 2.0L LSY|
|XT6||Turbo 2.0L LSY or 3.6L V6 LGX||Turbo 2.0L LSY|
|Escalade||6.2L V8 L87 or turbo-diesel 3.0L I6 LM2||Model not yet available|
Notably, the lack of engine variety currently on offer from Cadillac China is driven by the country’s strict emissions standards enacted in the recent past, with which the LSY is in full compliance.
Back here in North America, customers are offered a wider variety of engines. While the North American Cadillac XT4 is only offered with the LSY (European XT4 customers also get a diesel option), the XT5 and XT6 are also offered with the naturally aspirated 3.6L V6 LGX. Then there is Caddy’s sedan lineup, which includes the CT4 featuring either the LSY or the turbocharged 2.7L I4 L3B, as well as the CT5 featuring the LSY or the turbocharged 3.0L V6 LGY.
This post was created in collaboration with our sister publication, Cadillac Society.