GM 5.3 Liter V8 Vortec LC9 Engine
The 5.3L V8 Vortec LC9 was an engine produced by General Motors for use in the 2006-2014 GMT900-based Chevrolet Suburban 4WD and GMC Yukon XL 4WD. Displacing 5.3 liters in a V8 configuration, the LC9 was part of the Vortec (Generation IV Small Block) engine family, which has been replaced by the EcoTec3 (Generation V Small Block) engine family. The LC9 was itself replaced by the 5.3-liter EcoTec3 L83.
The LC9 is a technically advanced small-block V8 engine that delivers a great balance of power, torque and efficiency. Variable valve timing helps the 5.3L optimize performance, efficiency and emissions, while GM’s Active Fuel Management cylinder deactivating technology helps improve fuel economy in certain light-load driving conditions.
The 5.3L is powerful, but delivers exceptional refinement to go with great strength. Quiet features built into the engine are complemented by an improved engine cradle and mounting system. These help reduce vibrations transmitted through the chassis and into the passenger compartment.
- Cylinder Block and Rotating Assembly: the engine block was developed with math-based tools and data acquired in GM’s racing programs, and provides a light, rigid foundation for an impressively smooth engine. Its deep-skirt design helps maximize strength and minimize vibration. The bulkheads accommodate six-bolt, cross-bolted main-bearing caps that limit crank flex and stiffen the engine’s structure. A structural oil pan further stiffens the powertrain. Along with the rigid block, the engine’s rotating assembly was designed for optimal strength and duration complemented by features designed to make the LC9 quiet and smooth. The LC9 5.3L also features a heavy-duty timing chain developed expressly for quiet operation. The chain, which connects the camshaft and crankshaft, is validated for 200,000 miles of operation and fitted with a leaf-spring-type dampener.
- High-Flow Cylinder Heads and Valvetrain: the 5.3L’s cylinder heads feature “cathedral”-shaped intake ports that promote exceptional airflow. They support great airflow at higher rpm for a broader horsepower band, along with strong, low-rpm torque. The intake ports that feed the combustion chambers, as well as the D-shaped exhaust ports, are designed for excellent high-rpm airflow.
- Camshaft Phasing: the 5.3L features variable valve timing, maximizing engine performance for given demands and conditions. At idle, for example, the cam is at the full advanced position, allowing exceptionally smooth idling. Under other conditions, the phaser adjusts to deliver optimal valve timing for performance, drivability and fuel economy. At high rpm’s it may retard timing to maximize airflow through the engine and increase horsepower. At low rpm’s it can advance timing to increase torque. Under light loads, it can retard timing at all engine speeds to improve fuel economy.
- E85 Flex Fuel Capability: E85 is a clean-burning, domestically produced fuel composed of 85 percent ethanol alcohol and 15 percent gasoline. Ethanol is renewable and produces fewer greenhouse gases during the combustion process. It can be produced from various feed stocks, including corn and wheat stalks, forestry and agricultural waste and even municipal waste.
- Active Fuel Management: GM’s Active Fuel Management technology increases fuel economy approximately 6 percent under the federal government’s required testing procedure and potentially more in certain real-world driving conditions. AFM temporarily deactivates four of the LC9’s cylinders under light load conditions and seamlessly reactivates them when the driver demands full power. The transition takes less than 20 milliseconds, and is virtually indiscernible to most drivers.
- Advanced Electronic Throttle Control: GM has led the industry in applying electronic throttle control (ETC). With ETC, there is no mechanical link between the accelerator pedal and the throttle body. A sensor at the pedal measures pedal angle and sends a signal to the engine control module (ECM), which in turn directs an electric motor to open the throttle at the appropriate rate and angle. ETC delivers a number of benefits to the customer.
- Quiet Exhaust Manifolds: the exhaust manifolds were developed to improve durability and sealing and reduce operational noise. Cast nodular iron was the material of choice for its basic durability and excellent heat-management properties. The manifolds are fitted with new triple-layer heat shields fabricated from stainless steel and insulating material. The shields limit heat transfer from the engine to the engine bay, allowing the 5.3L to reach optimal operating temperature more quickly, yet reducing heat in the engine compartment once that temperature is achieved.
- 58X Ignition System: the LC9 has an advanced 58X crankshaft position encoder to ensure that ignition timing is accurate throughout its operating range. The new 58X crankshaft ring and sensor provide more immediate, accurate information on the crankshaft’s position during rotation. This allows the engine control module to adjust ignition timing with greater precision, which optimizes performance and economy. Engine starting is also more consistent in all operating conditions.
|Type:||5.3L Gen IV V8 Small Block|
|Displacement:||5328cc (325 ci)|
|Valve configuration:||Overhead valves|
|Valves per cylinder:||2|
|Assembly site:||Romulus, Michigan, USA and Silao, Mexico|
|Valve lifters:||Hydraulic roller|
|Firing order:||1 – 8 – 7 – 2 – 6 – 5 – 4 – 3|
|Bore x Stroke:||96.01 x 92mm|
|Fuel system:||Sequential fuel injection|
|Fuel type:||Regular unleaded and E85 Flex Fuel|
|Maximum Engine Speed:||6000 RPM|
|Positive crankcase ventilation|
|Horsepower hp (kw) on regular unleaded|
|Chevrolet Suburban||320 hp (239 kW) @ 5400 RPM SAE Certified|
|GMC Yukon XL||320 hp (239 kW) @ 5400 RPM SAE Certified|
|GMC Yukon XFE||320 hp (239 kW) @ 5400 RPM SAE Certified|
|Horsepower hp (kw) on E85 Flex Fuel|
|Chevrolet Suburban||326 hp (243 kW) @ 5300 RPM SAE Certified|
|GMC Yukon XL||326 hp (243 kW) @ 5300 RPM SAE Certified|
|GMC Yukon XFE||326 hp (243 kW) @ 5300 RPM SAE Certified|
|Torque lb.-ft. (Nm) on regular unleaded|
|Chevrolet Suburban||335 lb.-ft. (454 Nm) @ 4000 RPM SAE Certified|
|GMC Yukon XL||335 lb.-ft. (454 Nm) @ 4000 RPM SAE Certified|
|GMC Yukon XFE||335 lb.-ft. (454 Nm) @ 4000 RPM SAE Certified|
|Torque lb.-ft. (Nm) on E85 Flex Fuel|
|Chevrolet Suburban||348 lb.-ft. (472 Nm) @ 4400 RPM SAE Certified|
|GMC Yukon XL||348 lb.-ft. (472 Nm) @ 4400 RPM SAE Certified|
|GMC Yukon XFE||348 lb.-ft. (472 Nm) @ 4400 RPM SAE Certified|
|Cylinder head:||Cast aluminum|
|Exhaust manifold:||Cast nodular iron|
|Main bearing caps:||Powder Metal|
|Crankshaft:||Cast nodular iron with undercut and rolled fillets|
|Connecting rods:||Powder Metal|
|Active Fuel Management|
|Variable Valve Timing (VVT)|
|E85 Flex Fuel|
|Electronic throttle control|
|Extended life accessory drive belt|
|Extended life coolant|
|Extended life spark plugs|
|Oil Life Monitor System|
|2006-2014 Chevrolet Suburban 4WD (GMT900)||MYC-6L80|
|2006-2014 GMC Yukon XL 4WD (GMT900)||MYC-6L80|